US Recession looming ?

June 25, 2024 3 min read

An interesting study on Bloomberg highlights the contrasting performance of small cap stocks in the US and India. The Russell 2000 index, representing small cap stocks in the US, has been trailing large cap names. This is the opposite of what we see in India, where the small cap index is rising significantly compared to the large cap index. This difference in performance might indicate the health of each economy.

Source : Bloomberg

The performance of small cap stocks often reflects the overall health of an economy. When an economy is doing well, even the smallest companies tend to thrive. Conversely, when the economy struggles, small cap stocks suffer. This seems to be the case in the US, where the Russell 2000 is underperforming, possibly signaling economic troubles. In contrast, India’s small cap stocks are doing well, suggesting a stronger economic position.

The study further shows a pattern in the US market over the last 40-45 years. Whenever the Russell 2000 index drops by double digits over a three-year period, a recession typically follows. This pattern has been seen in the early 1990s, early 2000s, 2008, and during the COVID-19 pandemic. Now, with the Russell 2000 down by 11.75% over the last three years, there are concerns about a potential recession in the US.

Large Cap vs. Small Cap Performance

A comparison between the S&P 500 and the Russell 2000 highlights a significant gap. Since 2021, the Russell 2000 has dropped by 11%, while the S&P 500 has risen by 21%. This indicates that while some large cap stocks are driving the S&P 500 up, the broader market, represented by the Russell 2000, is not performing well. This disparity raises concerns about the overall health of the US market.

Global Impact of US Recession

The US market significantly influences global markets. Any recession in the US is likely to impact other economies, including India. Despite India’s strong growth, a US recession could moderate the performance of Indian markets. While India might remain a top performer, there could be a period of consolidation or slower growth as the global economy adjusts.

Future Expectations

It is essential to manage expectations in light of these potential changes. While Indian markets have been performing well, the global economic environment could influence future growth. Investors should be prepared for possible market moderation and consolidation. However, India’s relative strength compared to other markets is likely to continue for the long term.

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    US Recession looming ?